Patent is an exclusive right granted by state for an invention which is new, involves an inventive step and is susceptible of industrial application.

Patent holder has an exclusive right to prevent or stop all others to use products or offer them for sale, or import product or process which is based on granted patent, if they do so without his approval.

Patent is granted by state patent institution of a country, or by regional patent institution for patents of the group of countries.

Protection is valid in the limited time period of 20 years from the date when the patent application is filed, provided that the prescribed fees for maintenance are paid. Those fees are paid for 3 years and for each next year, counting from the date when the application is filed, under the Law on administrative fees.