An invention shall be considered novel if not included in the state of art. This case includes all that is offered to the public by a written or oral description, by use or any other means around the world one day prior to filing the application for protection or the date of claiming priority thereof.

An invention shall not be considered publicly circulated once it is introduced within 12 months prior to the date of filing the patent or the priority date as a result of an act carried out by the applicant or his predecessor in right in accordance with Article 14 below, or an abusive act taken by a third party against the applicant or his predecessor in right.